Agriculture has long been known for being a very large
producer of greenhouse gases (GHG). The 2019 IPCC report estimated that 8.5% of
worldwide GHG emissions originated from agriculture, while an additional 14.5%
resulted from land use change linked to food production and agriculture.
In recent years, European and international policies have been put in place to
reduce land use change, notably by reducing or removing financial incentives
and market attractiveness for products resulting from this practice.
To reduce direct GHG emissions from agricultural practices themselves, “carbon
farming” was introduced as a new set of practices which could not only reduce
emissions from cropping and livestock farming, but which could also lead to
large quantities of carbon (C) and other GHG to be locked within soils and
living organisms (such as trees).
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