GHG Protocol update raises the question: Is biomethane grid injection just a lot of hot air?

Posted in: bioenergy

In this article, we explore the consequences of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol on the biomethane industry in the UK.

For over a year, there have been rumblings in the biomethane sector about the GHG Protocol, and these have been getting louder in recent months, with over 50 biomethane trade bodies and companies writing to the WRI – the administrators of the GHG Protocol – expressing concerns about proposed guidance and urging them to take action.

What is the GHG Protocol?

The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol provides the world’s most widely used GHG accounting standards, adopted by governments and businesses to report GHG emissions and monitor progress on mitigation strategies. The GHG Protocol defines the concept of Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3 emissions for company reporting, and provides necessary guidance for the GHG accounting world.

  • Scope 1: Direct emissions from business operations, including fuel use in factories and logistics.
  • Scope 2: Emissions associated with purchased energy for the business, mainly electricity and heat.
  • Scope 3: Emissions associated with purchased products and services, as well as downstream emissions.

Typically, GHG targets set by governments and voluntary schemes are linked to Scope 1 emissions, so mitigating actions should apply to Scope 1 activities (e.g. energy efficiency measures and switching to renewable fuel). However, some voluntary schemes also look at Scope 2 and 3, and mitigating actions can also apply there (e.g. changes in supply chain).

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This article was written by Lucy Montgomery, Senior Consultant.

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