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NNFCC News Review: Feedstock Issue 141, December 2023

Category: feedstocks
Published: 11/12/2023
Author: NNFCC
Each month we review the latest news and select key announcements and commentary from across the Feedstock and Biorefining sector.

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Ammonia has multiple uses, from fertilisers and cleaning products to processes such as water purification and refrigeration. With such a broad use also comes major carbon impact, and a huge decarbonisation potential that could affect many sectors. Today, the predominant method of industrial ammonia production is a reaction called the Haber-Bosch process, with hydrogen and nitrogen as reactants. Yet, in most cases the production process employs natural gas or other fossil fuels to provide both the hydrogen and the energy to power the synthesis process, contributing to almost 2% of global CO₂ emissions.

Green ammonia production holds substantial decarbonisation potential, particularly in fertiliser production. However, environmental concerns related to N-based fertilisers persist, emphasizing the importance of responsible usage. Green ammonia can also be used as a medium to store and transport chemical energy, as a transport fuel and to store thermal energy. To qualify as “green”, ammonia first has to be produced from “green hydrogen” (obtained via water electrolysis), and “green nitrogen”, both obtained using renewable energy. Once these criteria have been met, the Haber-Bosch process, powered by sustainable energy, can be used to produce the ammonia.

Recent developments underscore the growing significance of green ammonia. For instance, Allied Green Ammonia's upcoming facility in Australia, powered by Topsoe's DynAMMO technology, targets Southeast Asian e-fuel demand... 

Other News this Month Includes:


  • International Sustainable Forestry Coalition welcomes new member, Sumitomo Forestry
  • India sets first benchmark price for biomass pellets


  • Topsoe and Standard Gas sign MoU for collaboration on UK-based renewable natural gas and methanol project
  • Fertiglobe begins renewable ammonia delivery for Unilever detergent
  • More...

Research & Development

  • New study reveals C₄ crops are less sensitive to ozone pollution than C₃ crops

Wood & Crop

  • Lavie Bio expands bio-inoculant product to durum and barley
  • Romania to produce a 10 million tonne wheat crop in 2024
  • More rapeseed from Russia and the EU-27


  • Eni and Saipem: agreement to develop new biorefineries
  • Origin by Ocean and AFRY to develop biorefinery processing seaweed in Finland


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