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Bioeconomy Factsheet - Italy

Category: feedstocks,bioenergy,biobased,biorefining,biofuels,nnfcc
Published: 26/06/2015
Author: Dr C. Burns, NNFCC, UK; Dr D. Marazza, University of Bologna, Italy; and Dr E. Hodgson, Aberystwyth University, UK.
This factsheet is part of our series of guides outlining "Need to Know" information about the bioeconomy in Europe.


The factsheet was produced through the Climate-KIC Biohorizons project. The Climate-KIC Biohorizons project was led by Dr Edward Hodgson, Aberystwyth University, UK and co-ordinated by NNFCC, UK. Project partners were Imperial College, UK, South Pole Carbon Ltd. Switzerland; University of Valencia, Spain; University of Bologna, Italy; PANNON Pro Innovation Services Ltd. Hungary; University of Kassel, Germany; INRA, France.  

Factsheet overview​

This factsheet gives an overview of Italy's bioeconomy innovation technology system. It includes the key government interventions, research initiatives, networks and finance instruments, in Italy.

Bioeconomy Governance

The key governing bodies are:

  • Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea
  • Ministry of Economic Development (MISE)
  • Ministry of Agriculture of Food and Forestry Policies
  • A Round Table for "Biomass, Biofuels and bioliquids, Biogas and biomethane and green chemistry of the sectoral board for bioenergy

Bioeconomy Strategies

There is no specific bioeconomy strategy, but a number of policies are making an impact in this sector:

  • The National Budget Law (2007) from 2011, and the National Environmental Law from 2012, ruled that carrier bags had to be either biodegradable and compostable or reusable, which has lead to an increase in demand for bio-plastics.
  • The Biorefinery Decree 2013 (n. 139/2013), introduced simplified authorisation procedures for second and third generation biorefineries.
  • To prevent waste generation and increase material and energy recovery from waste, the National Environmental decree guides nation waste management systems.
  • Vision Documents, are annual strategies from SUSCHEM Italy outlining how chemical and biotechnology industries can address societal needs.

More information 

For more information about the Italian bioeconomy, please download the factsheet, or contact Dr Caitlin Burns, NNFCC.

Bioeconomy Factsheet Series

This factsheet series provides a concise summary of how different EU governments are supporting the growth of the bioeconomy through policy, strategy and research.​ Other Factsheets in this series include: